Tuesday, December 30, 2008

158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163



Seite 158 -- Dahlenburg Geschichte
und Geschichten
-- Note below: last line from pp. 157....
.added to pp. 158...
..German..
I continued for a time using that method.

Ab 1762 erschienen auch mehr Abrechnungen für Gäste, die kurz- oder längerfristig in der Göhrde wohnten und natürlich " bedient werden" Mußten. So erscheinen in der Auflistung vom 17.5.1762 für Bleckede 162 Handdienste zur " Reinigung der herrschaftlichen Gebäude und Betten anlaesslich des Nacht- und Stillelagers Ihrer Durchlaucht, der Prinzessin Charlotte von Mecklenburg-Strelitz". Naturgemäß mußten diese Dienste von der nächstgelegenen Vogtey übernommen werden. Laut Aufstellung vom 28.5.1762 "behufs des eine Zeitlang zur Göhrde aufgestallet gewesenen herrschaftlichen Meemser Gestüts" Mußten die Bauern der Vogtey Dahlenburg hierfür 264 zusätzliche Handdienste leisten, die Vogtey Barscamp übernahm 138 Tage. 350 Malter guten Hafers waren für die Pferde erforderlich, daß Amt Bleckede mußte dafür 42 Wagen zur Anfuhr stellen.


1772 waren Sonderdienste für Dahlenburg fällig in Form von Anfahren von Wildpret und für das Waidwerk (Treiber, Schießdienste) anläßlich des Besuches der Königin von Dänemark.


Noch weiter über die Jahre fortzufahren und noch mehr Einzelheiten zu bringen, würde nur Wiederholungen bedeuten. In der Sache sind die Auswirkungen der Lager auf die Aemter, Dörfer und Bauern wohl genügend aufgezeigt. Diese Dienste wurden bis in die Kaiserzeit hinein durchgehalten. Nach den Ablösungen aus der Grundherrschaft wurden sie sicher nicht mehr kostenlos durchgeführt. Dorfweise getrennt wurden auch die Domanialberechtigungen abgelöst, auch diese mußten nun tageweise bezahlt werden.



Für alle Dörfer and der Göhrde, insbesondere für die, die Weideberechtigungen in der Göhrde hatten, kamen seit alten Zeiten noch eine ganze Reihe anderer " Dienste" hinzu, die nicht von oben angeordnet waren. Die Weideberechtigung mußte von allen Bauern durch Lieferung von Hafer jährlich bezahlt werden.
Diese zusätzlichen Hofdienste waren wahrscheinlich nach der uralten Regelung "Bede - Sede - Pflicht" zustande gekommen. Irgend etwas fehlte, man konnte es über den Anordnungsweg nicht so schnell beschaffen, also ging man zu den - zumindest moralisch verpflichteten - Bauern der anliegenden Dörfer und erbat und holte sich das fehlende. Im ersten Jahr wurde um die Leistung noch gebeten (wer wollte wohl seinem Landesherrn etwas abschlagen?), sie wurde auch im nächsten Jahr "wie im Vorjahr" gewährt, nach einigen Jahren war es dann schon Sitte und nach Jahren ohne Einspruch wurde daraus - nach dem Motto "von alters her" - eine nicht mehr bestrittene Pflicht. So mußten alle weideberechtigten Höfe and der Göhrde die verschiedenen Leistungen jährlich ohne Aufforderung erbringen.


Für einen Oldendorfer Hof steht urkundlich fest, daß dieser jährlich, auch noch zu Kaisers Zeiten, "2 Mann mit hohem Zeuge" als Treiber stellen und einen Wagen " handgedroschenes Stroh" für die Pferde liefern mußte. Unter "hohem Zeug" wurden demals Tücher von bis zu 3 m Höhe und bis zu 120 m Länge verstanden, mit denen das Wild für die Jagden eingepfercht wurde. Diese Leistung verschwand für den Hof zusammen mit dem Kaiser.


Zum Glück liegen aus Kaisers Zeiten auch noch Unterlagen vor. Gegenüber früher waren die Jagden aber einfacher und leichter durchzuführen. Da keine Parforce-Jagden mit den vielen Pferden mehr stattfanden, sondern das Wild jetzt schon geraume Zeit vorher "eingelappt" und dann auf einer festgelegten Strecke freigelassen wurde, wo die Schützen ansaßen, fiel der hohe Aufwand wie Schmiede, Tierärzte, Bereiter, Futterbeschaffung usw. weg.



[pp.158 translated with babelfish]
Starting from 1762 appeared also to more accounts for guests, who lived short or at longer term in the Göhrde and naturally " served werden " Had.



Thus 17.5.1762 for Bleckede appear 162 hand services to " in the listing of; Cleaning of the herrschaftlichen buildings and beds on the occasion of the night and silence camp of her… Durchlaucht, the princess Charlotte von Mecklenburg Strelitz". Naturally these services had to be taken over of the nearest Vogtey. According to list of 28.5.1762 " behufs for a while to the Göhrde been herrschaftlichen Meemser Gestüts" aufgestallet; The farmers of the Vogtey Dahlenburg had to carry for this 264 additional hand services out, the Vogtey Barscamp took over 138 days. 350 Malter of good oats were necessary for the horses that office Bleckede had to provide for it 42 cars to the delivery.



1772 was due special services for Dahlenburg in the form of starting Wildpret and for the Waidwerk (driver, shooting services) on the occasion of the visit of the queen of Denmark.



Still further over the years to continue and still more details bring, only repetitions would mean. In the thing the effects of the camps on the offices, villages and farmers are probably shown sufficient. These services into the Kaiser era inside were held on. After the replacements from the basic rule they were not surely any longer accomplished free of charge. Village way separated also the Domanialberechtigungen, also this was replaced had to be by the day paid now.



For all villages and of the Göhrde, in particular for those, which had pasture authorizations in the Göhrde, others came " since old times still another whole row; Dienste" in addition, which were not arranged from above. The pasture authorization had to be paid by all farmers by supply of oats annually.



These additional yard services were probably " after the age-old regulation; Bede - Sede - Pflicht" come. Was missing to something, one could not procure it over the arrangement way not so fast, therefore one went to - obligated at least morally - the farmers of the lying close villages and requested and got themselves the missing thing. In the first year for the achievement still one asked (who wanted to probably reduce its national gentleman somewhat?), it was " also in the next year; as in the Vorjahr" granted, after some years it was custom and after years without objection then already became from it - after the slogan " from age her" - one obligation any longer not denied. So all feast-entitled yards and of the Göhrde had to furnish the different achievements annually without request.



For a Oldendorfer yard is certain documentary that this " annually, also still to emperor Zeiten; 2 men with high Zeuge" as drivers place and a car " handthreshed Stroh" for the horses to supply had. Under " high Zeug" that as cloths about up to 3 m height and up to 120 m length were understood, with which the game for the hunts was eingepfercht. This achievement disappeared for the yard as well as the emperor.



Fortunately out emperor Zeiten also still documents are present. Opposite in former times were the hunts however more simply and easier to accomplish. Since no more Parforce hunts with the many horses took place, but the game now already some time " before; eingelappt" and then on a fixed distance, where contactors to-ate [freigelassen], was omitted the high expenditure was released such as smithy, veterinary surgeons, ready, fodder procurement etc.,
[pp. 159 ]became, where contactors to-ate, fell the high expenditure such as smithy, veterinary surgeons, to ready, fodder procurement etc. away in the listing of.
After 1874 the Wittenberger - Lüneburger railroad line was finished, traveled the emperor, its Gefolge and the guests with a special train from Berlin to the station Göhrde {" Kaiserbahnhof"} on. Für the fürstlichen guests were available starting from station Göhrde the imperial cars. Only für sovereignties did not have to be placed to attendants by the station Göhrde to the lock of vehicles, likewise fr and for the luggage. The hunts did not take also more weeks, separate only 2 days. of All arrangements came now naturally from Berlin, i.e. "Upper Office for yard marshal of its majesty of the emperor and Königs". The arrangements just as precise and the last details were regulating as in former times, up to the regulation of the agency for a straight offering woman failed because of illness. As example once the year 1911 is specified. Under "Geheim" published " Program for the journey of its majesty of the emperor and king after Göhrde in November 1911" specified:

Tuesday, the 7 --Starting from game park in the morning 8:15 --Nauen 9.00 - 9.10

--Wittenberge 10.20 - 10.25 --At Görhrde in the morning 11.40
No Receipt. Suit: Yard hunt uniform and/or hunting outfit Breakfast in the hunting seat --At 1 o'clock departure to the hunt --A search with the Findermeute on Sauen in turned off District " Lissauer Berge" Distance immediately after the search. --In the afternoon 4 o'clock return to the hunting seat --At 7 o'clock evening board in the hunting seat


Anzung: Yard hunt uniform and/or Frack with blacker Tie



Wednesday, the 8th at 9 o'clock departure of the car column --Around 9 3/4 o'clock of the automobiles for main chase up Rotwild in " Breeser Grund" At noon 12 o'clock breakfast in the hunt tent in the proximity of the chase --At 1 o'clock nachmittages distance of the chase and Departure of the automobiles and car column to a search with the Findermeute dauf Sauen in the turned off district " Waschkabel"






-from pp. 159 - and continued 160- {Under "Geheim" published " Program for the journey of its majesty of the emperor and king after Göhrde in November 1911" specified: }




--At 1 o'clock nachmittages distance of the chase and Departure of the automobiles and car column to a search with the Findermeute dauf Sauen in the turned off district " Waschkabel"...
...[pp. 160 ] ....
--Distance of the chase
--Backhonour in the hunting seat nachm. against 4 o'clock
--Around 6 1/2 o'clock evening board in the hunting seat
--Suit : yard hunt uniform and/or travel suit
--Around 7 3/4 o'clock trip to the station

--Starting from Göhrde in the evening 8.15
--Wittenberge 9.35 - 9.40
--Nauen 11.10 - 11.20
--At wild park in the evening 11.40

NB: The citizens of Berlin gentlemen find connection to that
Local train 449
starting from game park in the evening 11.52
at Potsdam Bhf. in the evening 12.34

The emperor brought the co-ordinated personnel from his residence for itself also. To the service in Göhrde were ordered from Berlin to the Göhrde [in particular]:

1 Küchenmiester............1 cellar master
1 material manager.......1 Küfer
2 mouth cooks.............. 2 cellar servants
1 baking master.............1 yard decorator
1 Campagne cook...........1 Tapeziergehilfe
1 roast picker .................2 kitchen servants
2 kitchen women ...........1 silver manager
3 silver servant.............. 2 silver scrubber inside

Diese everything already 2 days before the arrival of the emperor.

One day before had to be present:
1 Hoffourier ...................1 can tension adjuster
2 salon chamber servants ..1 body hunter
8 yard hunters...............2 kammerlakeien
2 Lampiers

For operation in the special train from Berlin were instructed:
1 chamber servant.........1 mouth cook
1 chancellery servant.....1 kitchen servant
1 body gendarme...........1 silver servant
1 Garderobier................1 wine cellar servant
2 body hunters

Also the fürstlichen guests were accompanied by their used body servants, usually per 2.

For the preparation of the two yard hunt days on 7, and 8 November 8 men had to furnish altogether 81 hand service days and 16 women altogether 283 hand service days from at the Göhrde lying villages already in October. It ...
......................

For the preparation of the two yard hunt days on 7, and 8 November 8 men had to furnish altogether 81 hand service days and 16 women altogether 283 hand service days from at the Göhrde lying villages already in October. It ...
...[pp.161]. ...against 2.30 Marks per day for each man and 1.50 Marks per day were in former times paid for each to woman.

On the two hunt days were requested from the villages, in particular determines by the Schloßcastellan: to the additional operation in the lock of 11 men and 15 women, in the silver chamber 10 women, in the kitchen 8 women and in the cellar l woman.

Unfortunately do not lie before the firm services " göhrdepflichtigen Höfe" with the hunt as drivers among other things.

At the 6.November cars for 4 Officiante, 10 hunters and for serving services had to be placed to 1 luggage trolley for S.H from the station to the lock, furthermore from the villages. Duke Friedrich Ferdinand to Schleswig Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg.

IT drove with the imperial car.

At the 7.November drove in imperial cars to the lock:

--Its majesty of the emperors und king.
--S.K.H. Prince Eitel Friedrich of Prussia.
--S.K.H. Prince Adalbert of Prussia.
--S.K.H. Prince Joachim of Prussia.
--Upper hunter master Frhr. of Heintze.
--Vice-Colonel all master Frhr. of Esebeck.
--Wing aide Colonel von Kleist.

To driving the guests 13 two-seat cars with horses, one servant each of the rule had to be placed rode along on the support, 10 viersitzige cars, furthermore 10 luggage trolleys. The same was valid for the return trip.

The loaded guests for both hunt days were (except specified the already):

--Yard marshal count von Platen-Hallermund.
--General of the infantry Frhr. of Lyncker.
--Admiral von Müller.
--W.Geheimer [Rat] advice of Valentine.
--Colonel general von Pleßen.
--Wing aide major von Dommes.
--Body physician upper medical officer Dr. Niedner.
--the wing aides of the Prussian princes : ......
..Rittmstr. Frhr. von Mirbach. ..Korv.Kapt of Hasethausen. ..Lieutenant of Ditfurth


Again, the loaded guests for both hunt days were (except specified the already):
--S.D. Prince Solms Baruth.
--S.D. Prince Dohna Schlobitten.
--S.D. Prince von Pleß.
--S.D. Prince to Innhausen and Knyhausen

.....................................

Again, the loaded guests for both hunt days were (except specified the already): --S.D. Prince Solms Baruth. --S.D. Prince Dohna Schlobitten. --S.D. Prince von Pleß. --S.D. Prince to Innhausen and Knyhausen. ...[pp.162]....--Statsminister Dr. Frhr. von Schorlemer.
--Count Tiele Winckler.
--Minister of State Frhr. of Hammerstein Loxten.
--Upper forest master Wesener.
--Count Grote, Breese.
--Hofstaatssecretair Knauff.
--Yard advice damage mountain.
--Upper hunter master of Blum.
--Forest advice Henrici.
--Forest master Frey.

To the breakfast board at the 7.November was still loaded:
--District administrator Mueller, Bleckede.

To the evening board on the same day:
--General of the infantry Emmich, Hannover.
--Upper president of Wentzel, Hannover.
--District administrator count to Solms Laubach, Lüchow.

To the hunt and to the two boards at the 7.November:
--District administrator von the Knesebaeck, Coborn.

Only for 8 November were loaded:
--Head of the provincial government Heinrichs, Lueneburg.
--Count von Bothmer, Lauenbrück.
--Chamber gentleman of the Wense, Holdenstedt.
--District administrator deer field, Dannenberg.
--Chamber gentleman von Estorff, Veersen.
--Chamber gentleman Frhr. of Mahrenholtz, Gr. Stifling by

For the year 1911 also still the bills of fare for the royal breakfast board on 7 November and for the midday board are present on 8 November, in the same way also the programs for the concerts on 7 and 8 November.

The distance with this yard hunt was:
--50 deer..................... 136 animals
--331 Sauen................. 3 different one
--altogether 520 pieces wildly

The emperors themselves lap:
--20 deer .....................2 animals
--50 rough sauen........ 2 Mufflon
--altogether 74 stucco game.
The last imperial hunt was 1913. Here were invited at special guests: Kaiserl. Sovereignty Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the Hungarian offering......

............................




The last imperial hunt was 1913. Here were invited at special guests: Kaiserl. Sovereignty Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the Hungarian offering......
...[pp.163 ]...
[Botschafter] count v. Szöyeny Marich, the Realm Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg and General von Moltke.
With it the largely höfische life ended in the Göhrde.
............................
Sources: Circle archives Lueneburg 26/11, 160/13, 278/7, 280/30, 473/22 History of the municipality Nahrendorf

Finished typing Chapter translation from Dahlenburg Geschichte und Geschichten


Note 2: I will be tweaking chapter from the book. There are still words untranslated. You can see it isn't smooth at all. [lol
........................................................................


For more reading try these sites:


www.goehrde.de/?page=geschichte.php&navigation=navi16 - 10k

http://www.fullbooks.com/The-Secret-Memoirs-of-the-Courts-of-Europe5.html

http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/iga/isb/isb-hauptframe/forschung/Tagung%20Kaiserreich/Lerman.pdf

This one above is similar to our chapter. It is excellent and in english.!!

http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/egallery/object.asp?category=276&object=404363&row=898&detail=magnify

This is the first time I have ever seen this website above. I hope you view it, cause it is fantastic.




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