About the picture. Übrigens: För alle die sich im 'alten" Dahlenburg nicht so gut auskennen, sei das Geheimnis des Ümschlagbildes gelöst. Es handelt sich um die "alte' Dahlenburger Kirche, die 1903/05 durch einen Neubau ersetzt wurde. Rechts das heute noch dort stehende Fachwerkhaus, links das alte Küesterhaus, das in der Folge abgerissen und in Neetzendorf wieder aufgebaut wurde.
Babelfish translation: By the way: För everything itself in the ' alten" Dahlenburg not so well are versed, are solved the secret of the cover picture. This concerns " alte' Dahlenburger church, which was replaced 1903/05 by a new building. On the right of today the half timbered house, on the left of the old Küesterhaus, standing still there, which was torn off in the consequence and developed in Neetzendorf again.
Translator babel fish page -146 Over the Göhrde, the lock and written over the hunts in the Göhrde is at other place. This is not to be repeated here. There are not recordings however over the effects of the annual presence of the dukes and/or kings with its families and its many guests, to whatever purpose always, on the further and particularly on the closer environment.
Interesting also for the today's time the expenditure might be, which was necessary on the occasion of the royal presence and above all the annually taking place hunt camps.
In the beginning there was essentially only real hunt services, because until something 1650 hunted, because the Göhrde was their property, only the dukes of Braunschweig and Lueneburg there. After the recordings königl. Hanoverian upper yard marshal von Malortie 1654, shortly after end of the 30-jährigen of war, were held already the first large yard hunt in the Göhrde, for 1672 built the dukes the existing buildings, from it developed a close-like building, " whose we with which can be employed hunts in our Nothdurft avail ourselves können". At the same time also the Parforce already usual at other European courts began - hunts. Princes and guests now already were up to 4 Montate in the year in the Göhrde.
--1710 were finished the new lock, it had even a building of theatres. The stays longer, partially also constantly became. The large Parforce - hunts took place now annually. The achievements and service necessary for it became always extensive contributions had these services and achievements for their national gentleman alone the Baueren, additional the 104 service days generally usual in local area in the year for their own basic gentleman. The citizens of the cities were free from these services.
Starting from 1683 lie in the form of very detailed annual königl. The citizens of the cities were free from these services. Arrangements, instructions to the offices, detailed correspondence and the accounts plentifully documents forwards. The services became first on the legally prescribed herrshaftlichen not taken up yet Burgvestendienste (Domanialberechtigungen) taken into account, which had to carry out for each subject for the national gentleman (3 days). it; These few days were however fast exhausted all days waren over it; " ungemessene Dienste" due to fürstlicher instructions in many schriftstückken they appear also as " Landfolge" or " Jagdfolgedienste".
In addition, after the documents each year took place into the Göhrde a hunt camp, it becomes evident that also still elsewhere camps were. In several " Suiten' those traveled königl. In addition, sovereignties with their attendants on, guests came out ...............
.....other parts of the country and had to be fetched there, even the officials of chase came from the most diverse places. With the preparations and the transportation in addition all offices which are because of the way to the Göhrde were concerned, for guests and stranger fürstliche heads in addition, the offices in Hoya and Harburg starting from Hanover. The fürstliche Cammer regulated everything by instructions and arrangements. Their extent became fast so large that the Cammer already placed a form after 1690 before the single transfers. All offices got beyond that further basic orders for certain things and in the einzelste going instruct with completely special arrangements. Thus forms for transportation are present already for the years starting from 1701. The individual instructions became more extensive from to year to year.
The Cammer gave all arrangements directly to the offices, these distributed the services on the Vogteien, the respective Vogt had the services on the subjects " strictly after the Reihe[ row or series]" surround. After the documents these services were free until 1719 to carry out, it gave when doing only certain ones " Pröven" , i.e. it was " Tranck" been enough and a piece bread. Starting from 1719 the services all were accounted for and paid to and the offices, first with 1 mgr. per day, later, with 2 mgr.
The farmers did not receive money. Starting from 1735/36 is in each arrangement in writing fixed that for the services " in ungemeßenen Deinsten standing subjects desfals wave does emergency zuthun" is. but the the measured services is " but the ordinaire service money well zuthen". Measured services were the Burgvesten - services, which were to be carried out legally. If a farmer were not called in addition because it was perhaps once not straight in turn had it for the non doing 2 mgr. daily pay. Here is practically thus nothing paid to the subjects. The clamping services, which had to be taken over in case of failure by farmer bottom plates of driving people, were paid off after the accounts to the driving people.
In the following, because too extent-smell, only individual facts from the documents are specified. They should give however as exact a picture as possible the time at that time and the achievements which can be furnished to the landbevölkerung.
--1689 to place were 23 covered cradles.
--1690 to more Göhrdelager were arranged of the Cammer:
Spanntage[Clamping Days :
Bleckede -90 Spanne [Span]a` 2 Days
Luechow -120 Span a` 2 Days Wustrow -40 span a` 1 Tag
Hitzacker -20 span a` 1 Day Dannenberg -30 span a`1 Day
Wustrow -80 alle a` 3 Tage
At the end. Clamping days to start 300 was thread firewood, to which Bleckede had to place 16 persons with the axes......
--1691 400 thread firewood had to be supplied, about which the office had to start Bleckede 120 thread.]
Amt Luchau 219 Spanndienste 93 Handdienste
Amt Dannenberg 88 Spanndienste 20 1/4 Haddienste
Amt Wustrau 49 1/2 Spanndienste 59 1/2 Haddienste
Amt Hitzacker 34 /1/2Spanndienste 26 1/2 Haddienste
Amt Bleckede 100 Spanndienste 26 Haddienste
Amt Gartze 16 spanndienste 5 Haddienste
insgesamt 507 Spanndienste 230 Haddienste
Amt Luchau 43 Amt Dannenberg 13 Amt Wustau 9 Amt Hitzacker 6 Amt Bleckede 20 Amt Gartze 3
Vom Amt Bleckede mußten wieder 120 Faden Brennholz geliefert werden und für sonstige Transporte 30 bespannte Wagen und 24 vorspannpferde zusätzlich gestellt werden.[ By the office Bleckede had to be supplied with again to 120 thread firewood and be placed for other transportation 30 covered cars and 24 initial tension horses additionally.]
--1693 Das gleiche. [ The same. ]
--[1694 Auxiliary services: for Cavalier Carosse 6 horses, in addition for the Cammerfrauen Carosse of 8 horses and 8 dare, for 2 Rüstwagen 16 horses and for the Cammerdiener Carosse of 4 horses.]
--[1696 was additional to place from the office Bleckede 200 thread firewood, 3 cradle, 20 vorspannferde.] Am 4.2.1696:15 bespannte Wagen und 18 Vorspannpferde. [ To 4.2.1696: 15 covered cars and 18 initial tension horses.]
Es standen also für Dienste in der Marsch das Doppelte an Leuten und fast das 4-fache an Pferden zur Verfügung. Noch eine Erläuterung: Die vorher direkt angeforderten Dienste waren "ordinaire" Dienste, diejenigen, die sich erst im Ablauf des Lagers aus den Erfordernissen ergaben, waren "extraordinaire" So mußte z.B Bleckede im Jahr 1722 neben 99 "ordninairen" Handtagen noch zusätzlich 108 "extraordinaire" Handtage erbringen. Die Jährlichen "ordinairen" Tage sind im folgenden nur noch aufgeführt, wenn sie erheblich von der Allgemein-Umlage abweichen, im wesentlichen sind es "extraordinaire". 1699 Waren 20 Korbwagen zu stellen und 18 Vorspann-Pferde ( Wagen vierspännig)
The offices had to provide in time for replacement, in emergency were driving people in addition to be procured: starting from 1700 the offices with one kept "white Roß" marked lights, with which they could requisition on the spot, so that the Suiten without stays could travel and unimpaired.
It is noticeable to allocation in all the years that the allocations were very different on the offices, in the same way also those locally on the Vogteien. Even if it "after the Reihe" to take place should, then today no system of the allocation is to be recognized. Thus Blekkede is certain that in the first years strengthens the Hausvogtei Bleckede and the Marschvogtei to the bottom plates were eigeteilt, probably had one the Vogteien Barscamp and Dahlenburg strengthens for the hand services consulted because of the shorter advance ways in the office. To be explained and occupied probably best by a list, the office 1698 could announce let itself probably around a better allocation of the services to take as a basis be able. Let itself "the number; leute" and those of the horses announce. Afterwards the Vogtei had.
Dahlenburg: 8 herrschaftliche people and 66 property Gentelman Mr., these had
"altogether 4; mittelmäßige" and 68 "small
Pferde". Barscamp: 1 herrschaftliche and 50 property gentleman people with
4 "mittelmäßigen" and 47
"geringen" Horses. Marschvogtei and Hausvogtei together:
133 1/2 and only 11 property gentleman people with 252
"mittelmäßige" and only 18 "geringen"
Were available thus for services into the march the double at people and nearly the quadruple at horses.
Still another explanation: The before directly requested services were "ordinaire" Services, those, which resulted only in the expiration of the camp from the requirements, were "extraordinaire" So e.g. Bleckede had in the year 1722 beside 99 "ordninairen" Hand days still additionally 108 "extraordinaire" Hand days furnish. The annual ones "ordinairen" Days are in the following only specified, if they deviate substantially from the general allocation, essentially are it "extraordinaire".
--1699 To place goods 20 cradles and 18 initial tension horses (cars vierspännig).