Friday, January 16, 2009

Karl-Heinz Genzel author of a chapter from the book from the Museum. Dahlenburg - Geschichte und Gescichten

A sorry state of translation in progress from a chapter from the book from the Museum. Dahlenburg - Geschichte und Gescichten. Forgive me for the poor translations in the entire series. I will do what I can.

An attempt to translate. As you know our family and many friends worked at Röthen at Kaiser Wilhelm's 1 Game Park with Deer/ Stag. [ Park Waerter] At the same time they owned land in Oldendorf bei Nahrendorf and had friends and relatives in near by villages. Were talking here of location Wendland and StattForest. For that reason I am very interested in this chapter from the book from the Museum. Dahlenburg - Geschichte und Gescichten.

I 'd like to write today about this article I have read in this book written by local Dahlenburg authors. This posting is no easy process though. Mainly because I have to translate the long article as I go. I was thinking if I publish it, I could then send it to the translator. Or put it on my notebook and work with it there.
But it didn't work that way, cause of copyright issues.
I don't wish to violate any copyright on this book Dahlenburg- Geschichte und Geschichten.

As much as I wish to get the information to you, I realize it still is a slow process. It is very much worth it. Because for me the book is the find of the Century. I am extremely tickled to have it. Yes, it was a happy dance the day the book arrived.

Note: An extra incentive to translate this chapter is due to a tree I have read belonging to a Karl-Heinz Genzel involving a hof at Oldendorf. The surnames of top priority are Michel, Meyer and Reinecke. I must do anything I can to learn more of this tree and area and that means the occupation of my ancestor and those around him.

The cover page and copyright page:

Is die von uns gebotene Art der Veröffentlichung eine gute Möglichkeit, eigene "Werke" zu publizieren. Ihnen, liebe Leserin und lieber Leser, wünschen wir viel Spaß bei der Lektüre. Es handelt sich teilweise um sehr alte Beiträge.Wir haben daher nicht mehr alle Autoren um ihr Einverständnis zur Veröffentlichung bitten können. Soweit das in anderen Fällen nicht geschehen ist, bitten wir um Nachsicht. Bedenken sei bitte dabei, das es bei uns keinerlei kommerzielle Gründe zur herausgabe dieses Buches gibt. Wir haben auch zunächst alle Kosten selbst getragen ein erhoffter kleiner Überschusses kommt der Arbeit des Museumsvereins zugute. Dahlenburg in Januar 2000. Hartmut Andres Alfred Sohl

Babelfish translation: Is the kind of the publication a good possibility, own ordered by us " Werke" to publish. We wish them, dear reader and dear reader, much fun with the reading. It partly concerns very old contributions. We could ask from there no more all authors for their agreement for publication. As far as in other cases did not happen, we ask for indulgence. Doubt is please thereby which does not give it with us any commercial reasons for the publication of this book. We have also first all costs themselves carried a hoped for small surplus benefit the work of the museum association. Dahlenburg in January 2000.

About the picture. Übrigens: För alle die sich im 'alten" Dahlenburg nicht so gut auskennen, sei das Geheimnis des Ümschlagbildes gelöst. Es handelt sich um die "alte' Dahlenburger Kirche, die 1903/05 durch einen Neubau ersetzt wurde. Rechts das heute noch dort stehende Fachwerkhaus, links das alte Küesterhaus, das in der Folge abgerissen und in Neetzendorf wieder aufgebaut wurde.

Babelfish translation: By the way: För everything itself in the ' alten" Dahlenburg not so well are versed, are solved the secret of the cover picture. This concerns " alte' Dahlenburger church, which was replaced 1903/05 by a new building. On the right of today the half timbered house, on the left of the old Küesterhaus, standing still there, which was torn off in the consequence and developed in Neetzendorf again.

Now the meat of the chapter on [ Seite] page 146.-150
Translator babel fish page -146
Over the Göhrde, the lock and written over the hunts in the Göhrde is at other place. This is not to be repeated here. There are not recordings however over the effects of the annual presence of the dukes and/or kings with its families and its many guests, to whatever purpose always, on the further and particularly on the closer environment.

Interesting also for the today's time the expenditure might be, which was necessary on the occasion of the royal presence and above all the annually taking place hunt camps.

In the beginning there was essentially only real hunt services, because until something 1650 hunted, because the Göhrde was their property, only the dukes of Braunschweig and Lueneburg there. After the recordings königl. Hanoverian upper yard marshal von Malortie 1654, shortly after end of the 30-jährigen of war, were held already the first large yard hunt in the Göhrde, for 1672 built the dukes the existing buildings, from it developed a close-like building, " whose we with which can be employed hunts in our Nothdurft avail ourselves können". At the same time also the Parforce already usual at other European courts began - hunts. Princes and guests now already were up to 4 Montate in the year in the Göhrde.

--1710 were finished the new lock, it had even a building of theatres. The stays longer, partially also constantly became. The large Parforce - hunts took place now annually. The achievements and service necessary for it became always extensive contributions had these services and achievements for their national gentleman alone the Baueren, additional the 104 service days generally usual in local area in the year for their own basic gentleman. The citizens of the cities were free from these services.

Starting from 1683 lie in the form of very detailed annual königl. The citizens of the cities were free from these services. Arrangements, instructions to the offices, detailed correspondence and the accounts plentifully documents forwards. The services became first on the legally prescribed herrshaftlichen not taken up yet Burgvestendienste (Domanialberechtigungen) taken into account, which had to carry out for each subject for the national gentleman (3 days). it; These few days were however fast exhausted all days waren over it; " ungemessene Dienste" due to fürstlicher instructions in many schriftstückken they appear also as " Landfolge" or " Jagdfolgedienste".

In addition, after the documents each year took place into the Göhrde a hunt camp, it becomes evident that also still elsewhere camps were. In several " Suiten' those traveled königl. In addition, sovereignties with their attendants on, guests came out ...............


Babel fish translation page 147 .
.....other parts of the country and had to be fetched there, even the officials of chase came from the most diverse places. With the preparations and the transportation in addition all offices which are because of the way to the Göhrde were concerned, for guests and stranger fürstliche heads in addition, the offices in Hoya and Harburg starting from Hanover. The fürstliche Cammer regulated everything by instructions and arrangements. Their extent became fast so large that the Cammer already placed a form after 1690 before the single transfers. All offices got beyond that further basic orders for certain things and in the einzelste going instruct with completely special arrangements. Thus forms for transportation are present already for the years starting from 1701. The individual instructions became more extensive from to year to year.
The king had of Hanover or with everything obeys elsewhere, guests and Mrs., personnel, which baggage, kitchen unit train, hunt and riding horses, dogs, Ms, document car, which silverware, hunt masters and officials are and others fetched and returned also again. The stages were divided completely exactly, where was rested, and where the subjects from the individual offices punctual, present on the row, had to take over at the determined times everything with new horses and crews and help up to the next station. Partially the guests came also from the north, it had then in principal of the Dahlenburger Vogtei at the land resistance to Lueneburg to be transferred.

The Cammer gave all arrangements directly to the offices, these distributed the services on the Vogteien, the respective Vogt had the services on the subjects " strictly after the Reihe[ row or series]" surround. After the documents these services were free until 1719 to carry out, it gave when doing only certain ones " Pröven" , i.e. it was " Tranck" been enough and a piece bread. Starting from 1719 the services all were accounted for and paid to and the offices, first with 1 mgr. per day, later, with 2 mgr.

The farmers did not receive money. Starting from 1735/36 is in each arrangement in writing fixed that for the services " in ungemeßenen Deinsten standing subjects desfals wave does emergency zuthun" is. but the the measured services is " but the ordinaire service money well zuthen". Measured services were the Burgvesten - services, which were to be carried out legally. If a farmer were not called in addition because it was perhaps once not straight in turn had it for the non doing 2 mgr. daily pay. Here is practically thus nothing paid to the subjects. The clamping services, which had to be taken over in case of failure by farmer bottom plates of driving people, were paid off after the accounts to the driving people.

In the following, because too extent-smell, only individual facts from the documents are specified. They should give however as exact a picture as possible the time at that time and the achievements which can be furnished to the landbevölkerung.

Force there directly concerned with the Göhrde and that only the offices were Lüchow, Wustro, Dannenberg, Hitzacker, Bleckede, and (up to the dissolution) Garze.

Translation from translator babel fish pp. 148. After the oldest recording and arrangement of 9.11.1683 the office Bleckede for the hunt camp of this yearly 196 had 1/2 hand service day to apply, for performed services had 5 ggr paid to be paid. One hand service day was always three working days. of all offices had in the year 256 clampingmeet performed to be carried out, of it were allotted to Dahlenburg 11 tension and 22 hand days.

To 29.8.1684 the Cammer ordered that Bleckecke had to place additionally daily 4 hand services to the support of the dogs.

In the Dahlenburger Vogtei with the services arranged from above the villages Dahlem and Quickborn those were concerned the Landesherrschaft as a basic gentleman belonged directly and as their property people directly from the office to all " ungemessenen Diensten" [" except the 104 anyway usual; gemeßene"] herangezoge became. The same was valid for the other herrschaftlichen einzelenen yards in the villages.

If nothing else said refer indicated the now always pay to the office Bleckede:

--1686 had to be placed 108 initial tension horses.

--1687 daily 4 tension and 12 hand services for the duration of the camp, altogether resulted then 90 tension and 300 hand days. In this year 40 Wispel oats had to be supplied with, to purchase value 400 Rtr., in the time at that time harvest from 120 to 200 mornings from the office. Furthermore to start 360 thread firewood [1 thread = 184 cubicfuß]

--1688 60 wispel oats " good Qualität" , from other offices 122 bag 3 Himbten.

--1689 to place were 23 covered cradles.

--1690 to more Göhrdelager were arranged of the Cammer:

Spanntage[Clamping Days :
Bleckede -90 Spanne [Span]a` 2 Days
Luechow -120 Span a` 2 Days Wustrow -40 span a` 1 Tag
Hitzacker -20 span a` 1 Day Dannenberg -30 span a`1 Day

Handdienste [Hand service]
Bleckede -90
Luchow -115
Wustrow -80 alle a` 3 Tage
Hitzacker -16
Dannenberg -40

At the end. Clamping days to start 300 was thread firewood, to which Bleckede had to place 16 persons with the axes......

Babelfish translation pp.149 --1691 Mußten 400 Faden Brennholz geliefert werden, wovon das Amt bleckede 120 Faden anfahren mußte. [

--1691 400 thread firewood had to be supplied, about which the office had to start Bleckede 120 thread.]

--1692 Einteilung
Amt Luchau 219 Spanndienste 93 Handdienste

[Organization Office] [clamping services] [Hand Services]
Amt Dannenberg 88 Spanndienste 20 1/4 Haddienste
Amt Wustrau 49 1/2 Spanndienste 59 1/2 Haddienste
Amt Hitzacker 34 /1/2Spanndienste 26 1/2 Haddienste
Amt Bleckede 100 Spanndienste 26 Haddienste
Amt Gartze 16 spanndienste 5 Haddienste

insgesamt 507 Spanndienste 230 Haddienste

Wagen mußten stellen : [Altogether cars had to place :]
Amt Luchau 43 Amt Dannenberg 13 Amt Wustau 9 Amt Hitzacker 6 Amt Bleckede 20 Amt Gartze 3

Vom Amt Bleckede mußten wieder 120 Faden Brennholz geliefert werden und für sonstige Transporte 30 bespannte Wagen und 24 vorspannpferde zusätzlich gestellt werden.[ By the office Bleckede had to be supplied with again to 120 thread firewood and be placed for other transportation 30 covered cars and 24 initial tension horses additionally.]

--1693 Das gleiche. [ The same. ]

--1694 Zusatzdienste: für Cavalier-Carosse 6 Pferde, dazu für die Cammerfrauen-Carosse 8 Pferde und 8 wagen, für 2 Rüstwagen 16 Pferde und für die Cammerdiener-Carosse 4 Pferde.

--[1694 Auxiliary services: for Cavalier Carosse 6 horses, in addition for the Cammerfrauen Carosse of 8 horses and 8 dare, for 2 Rüstwagen 16 horses and for the Cammerdiener Carosse of 4 horses.]

--1696 waren zu stellen vom amt Bleckede 200 Faden Brennholz, zusätzlich 3 Korbwagen, 20 vorspannferde.

--[1696 was additional to place from the office Bleckede 200 thread firewood, 3 cradle, 20 vorspannferde.] Am 4.2.1696:15 bespannte Wagen und 18 Vorspannpferde. [ To 4.2.1696: 15 covered cars and 18 initial tension horses.]

Seite pp.150.
...Die Ämter mußten rechtzeitig für Ersatz sorgen, im Notfall waren Fuhrleute dazu zu besorgen: ab 1700 erhielten die Ämter mit einem "weißen Roß" gestempelte Scheine, mit denen sie an Ort und Stelle requirieren konnten, damit die Suiten ohne Aufenthalte und ungestört reisen konnten. Es fällt in all den Jahren auf, daß die Aufteilungen auf die Ämter sehr unterschiedlich waren, desgleichen auch die örtlich Aufteilung auf die Vogteien. Wenn sie auch "nach der Reihe" erfolgen sollten, so ist heute kein System der Aufteilung zu erkennen. So steht im Amte Blekkede fest, daß in den ersten Jahren verstärkt die Hausvogtei Bleckede und die Marschvogtei zu den Gespannen eigeteilt den, wahrscheinlich hatte man die Vogteien Barscamp und Dahlenburg verstärk zu den Handdiensten herangezogen wegen der kürzeren Anmarschwege. Erklärt und belegt werden könnte das wohl am besten durch eine Aufstellung, die sich das Amt 1698 melden ließ wahrscheinlich um eine bessere Aufteilung der Dienste zugrundelegen zu können. Es ließ sich die Anzahl der "leute" und die der Pferde melden. Danach hatte die Vogtei. Dahlenburg: 8 herrschaftliche Leute und 66 Gutsherrnleute, diese hatten insgesamt 4 "mittelmäßige" und 68 "geringe Pferde". Barscamp: 1 herrschaftliche und 50 Gutsherrnleute mit 4 "mittelmäßigen" und 47 "geringen" Pferden Marschvogtei und Hausvogtei zusammen: 133 1/2 und nur 11 Gutsherrnleute mit 252 "mittelmäßigen" und nur 18 "geringen" Pferden.
Es standen also für Dienste in der Marsch das Doppelte an Leuten und fast das 4-fache an Pferden zur Verfügung. Noch eine Erläuterung: Die vorher direkt angeforderten Dienste waren "ordinaire" Dienste, diejenigen, die sich erst im Ablauf des Lagers aus den Erfordernissen ergaben, waren "extraordinaire" So mußte z.B Bleckede im Jahr 1722 neben 99 "ordninairen" Handtagen noch zusätzlich 108 "extraordinaire" Handtage erbringen. Die Jährlichen "ordinairen" Tage sind im folgenden nur noch aufgeführt, wenn sie erheblich von der Allgemein-Umlage abweichen, im wesentlichen sind es "extraordinaire". 1699 Waren 20 Korbwagen zu stellen und 18 Vorspann-Pferde ( Wagen vierspännig)

Babelfish translation pp.150
...That all of this did not go always smoothly, might be clear. The Cammer made the offices responsible for it that and the interchange points and the determined services the necessary horses un men always in time ready stood. If any bottom plates and services did not appear, that had to be announced in particular and with reason. Over with nonappearance "after Verbrechere find bestraffen könne".

The offices had to provide in time for replacement, in emergency were driving people in addition to be procured: starting from 1700 the offices with one kept "white Roß" marked lights, with which they could requisition on the spot, so that the Suiten without stays could travel and unimpaired.

It is noticeable to allocation in all the years that the allocations were very different on the offices, in the same way also those locally on the Vogteien. Even if it "after the Reihe" to take place should, then today no system of the allocation is to be recognized. Thus Blekkede is certain that in the first years strengthens the Hausvogtei Bleckede and the Marschvogtei to the bottom plates were eigeteilt, probably had one the Vogteien Barscamp and Dahlenburg strengthens for the hand services consulted because of the shorter advance ways in the office. To be explained and occupied probably best by a list, the office 1698 could announce let itself probably around a better allocation of the services to take as a basis be able. Let itself "the number; leute" and those of the horses announce. Afterwards the Vogtei had.

Dahlenburg: 8 herrschaftliche people and 66 property Gentelman Mr., these had
"altogether 4; mittelmäßige" and 68 "small
". Barscamp: 1 herrschaftliche and 50 property gentleman people with
4 "mittelmäßigen" and 47
"geringen" Horses. Marschvogtei and Hausvogtei together:
133 1/2 and only 11 property gentleman people with 252
"mittelmäßige" and only 18 "geringen"

Were available thus for services into the march the double at people and nearly the quadruple at horses.

Still another explanation: The before directly requested services were "ordinaire" Services, those, which resulted only in the expiration of the camp from the requirements, were "extraordinaire" So e.g. Bleckede had in the year 1722 beside 99 "ordninairen" Hand days still additionally 108 "extraordinaire" Hand days furnish. The annual ones "ordinairen" Days are in the following only specified, if they deviate substantially from the general allocation, essentially are it "extraordinaire".

--1699 To place goods 20 cradles and 18 initial tension horses (cars vierspännig).

.to be continued

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